Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – The Worlds First Superstar
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a genius that touched the star. The first composer with the qualities of a superstar, but also a clown who has played his fortune.
Did you know that in the metro stations where they play Mozart’s music, the crime rate is lower. He disarms.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg on January 27, 1756 in the family of musicians and he learned to play before he learned to read. At the age of four, he began to compose, at the age of nine he composed his first opera “Bastien and Bastien”, at the age of 13 he received the position of concert masters in the orchestra of the Salzburg archbishop. Mozart equally well played piano and violin. From the piano piece that he wrote in 1761, at the age of six, to the great piece that he composed just before he died in December 1791 in Vienna, Mozart’s work has about 630 variations – about 50 symphonies, seven violins and 25 concerts for piano, 22 piano sonatas and 45 violin sonata, twenty operas, among which are “Figaro’s marriage”, “Magical flute”, “Don Juan”, then a large number of quartets, quintets and sextets, serenades, diverts … And all this for 35 years .
In the period from 1769 to 1773, Mozart and his father traveled to Italy, the homeland of opera, on three occasions, where Mozart wrote the opera Lucio Silla. Thus, Mozart as a very young creator will create the image of a wandering musician who will nurture his whole life. Inspired by Haydn’s music, Mozart composed six quartets for string instruments in Vienna, and completes four great symphonies in Salzburg. Mozart will stay in Salzburg until September 1777, then go to Paris.
In January 1781, Mozart resides in Munich, where he writes the opera Idomeneo. Then he goes to Vienna, where he gives piano classes in the leading circles of the high society and holds successful piano concerts. Thanks to Baron Van Swieten reveals the music of Bach and Hendel and enthusiastically inspired by their music in 1782, he writes opera The Abduction from the Seraglio and completes the first three of the series of great piano concertos.
Mozart, together with Hayden and Beethoven, was the main representative of the classical music style.
Clarity, balance, transparency and a simple language of harmony are the main features of his music. Mozart is usually mentioned, along with Schubert, as a composer who had the gift to make a clean, simple and memorable melody, and for many music lovers this is his most important feature.
He wrote operas in all the styles that ruled Europe: a comedy opera, such as “Figaro’s marriage”, as well as serious operas, such as “Idomenei” or “Don Juan”. His use of the orchestra in symphonies and concerts served as the source of his opera orchestra, and the use of the orchestra in the achievement of psychological effects in operas was derived from his instrumental compositions.
Many important composers who came after him, either worshiped him or felt awe for him. Rossini claimed: “He is the only musician who had as much knowledge as genius, and so much genius as knowledge.” Beethoven told his disciple that he (Beethoven) would never be able to invent such a magnificent melody as he (Mozart) did in the first paragraph of Mozart’s Piano Concerto no. 24. Great Beethoven also paid tribute to Mozart by writing a set of variations on several of his themes. After the only meeting of the two composers, Mozart noted that Beethoven would “give the world something to remember.” Also, Tchaikovsky wrote his “Mozartian” in his honor.
In 1790, Mozart struggles with material defects and neglects the composition, but soon follows the real eruption of new works, including the opera Magical Flute. One day in 1791, he was asked to write “Requiem” (Mass for the dead). Mozart, having felt his death close, commented that he wrote “Requiem” for himself.
Mozart is seriously ill and soon dies, in Vienna on December 5, 1791. Since Mozart was buried in a tomb with other poor people, his grave remained unknown today.
Despite criticisms that accompanied his creativity, Mozart’s reputation is extremely large, and ten years after his death, his work gained great popularity across Europe.