Mary Anne Evans – George Elliot
George Elliot was Mary Anne Evans pen name.
Mary Anne was born in 1819 in England. Often, as an inspiration for her works, she used personal life events. She wrote under a male name to help build a writer’s career.
When her mother died in 1836, Mary Anne left school to help her father lead the household. Five years later, she moved with her father to Coventry, where they remained until his death in 1849. After that, Mary Anne travels across Europe, and then settles permanently in London.
She soon begins working for the journal of philosophical radicals, called Westminster Rivers, and later becomes the editor-in-chief of that magazine. During that period she was among the best writers of that time, making many friendships and meeting her future life partner, writer George Henry Louis. Although their relationship caused a scandal, because Luis was married, the two of them persisted in their love and lived together until his death in 1878.
Luis constantly persuaded Mary Anne to write. Under his influence, in 1856, she began to write the #Scenes of Clerical Life”, which consisted of short stories about people from her native village, which was published in the Blackwood Magazine.
Her first novel, Adam Bede, published in 1859, was a huge success. She decided to use a male pseudonym to ensure that readers consider her work serious. Namely, at that time, female writers were observed exclusively as writers of love novels, while Mary Anne was actually dealing with a realistic view of the world and life, and serious life issues.
Some of her novels are: The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861), Middlemarch (1871–72), and Daniel Deronda (1876). The popularity of her novels in society led to the acceptance of the relationship between Louis and Mary En, so their house became the meeting place of famous writers and intellectuals of that time.
In 1880, two years after George’s death, Mary Anne married 20 years younger banker John Cross, who fell into the canal on the first night of the honeymoon in Venice from the terrace of their apartment. It is suspected that otherwise unstable Cross tried suicide. He survived, and the couple returned to England, where they moved into a new house in Chelsea, London. Mary Anne (now Cross), however, was suffering from a throat infection that, along with the kidney disease she suffered for years, led to her death on December 22, 1880, at age 61.
Mary Anne Evans was one of the leading female novelists in England in the 19th century. Her novels are famous for their realistic presentation of reality and for the psychological analysis of characters.