Leonardo da Vinci – The Greatest Minds of the Italian Renaissance
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was the greatest minds of the Italian Renaissance, a very influential artist and sculptor, but also a very talented scientist, inventor and architect. Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452, in the town Vinci, near Florence, as a out-of-wedlock son to the wealthy notary Messer Piero Fruosino di Antonio da Vinci. He attended the school in Vinci. He a good student, exceeding in mathematics, writing, music… He moved to Florence where he lived with his father and his family.
Realizing Leonardo’s talent, his father sends him to the painter Andrea del Verrocchio, who teaches him painting. In 1466, when he was about 15, Leonardo became his apprentice, and later he himself became an independent artist in Florence. In Verrocchio’s workshop, he met radio with many painters, such as Botticelli. Verrocchio and Leonardo painted the “Baptism of Christ” together. Leonardo painted the front angel and landscape. In 1473, he painted his first known work – the drawing of the Arno Valley in ink. He moved to Milan in 1483, where he worked for the ruling Sforza family as a sculptor, painter and architect, and where he also founded his own studio.
From 1495 to 1497 he painted “The Last Supper” in Milan. The French invaded Milan in 1499 and the city surrendered without a fight, and the Sforza was overthrown. Leonardo went back to Florence in 1500. During this period he painted several portraits, but the only one who survived to this day is the famous portrait of “Mona Lisa”, which he painted from 1503 to 1506.
He returned to Milan in 1506 and lived in Rome, at the same time as the painters Rafael and Michelangelo. In 1516 Leonardo left Italy when King Francis I of France offered him a title the master of the painters, engineers and architects. He spent his last days living in a royal palace painting and designing. He died on May 2, 1519 in France, in the city of Amboise, and was buried in a local chapel.
Leonardo often planned large projects, as evidenced by many designs and sketches, but many of his works have not been completed. To date, seventy of his paintings have been preserved, but none of his sculptures. In 1490, Leonardo began to share his thoughts and ideas about images, architecture, mechanics and human anatomy. He wrote in narrow lines, written as a reflection in the mirror so no one could read it. These volumes contained many innovative ideas, including planes for flying, bicycle and fetal drawing in matter as well as sketch sketches.
Many sites are devoted to weapons, spears and swords. There are also drawings of tanks and diving equipment, submarines, and other incredible things that are unimaginable at this time. He even designed the robot, who could sit, waving his arms and shifting his head. By the way, these volumes have not been published and his ideas did not contribute to the development of the Renaissance period.
“Mona Lisa” is Leonard’s most famous piece, and some historians believe that it is his most significant artistic achievement. There are various controversies about who actually Mona Lisa is. Many critics consider it to be a man, not a woman, and some see Leonard himself in the picture. Others again claim to be a woman of a silk merchant. Today, the painting is exhibited in the Louvre behind impenetrable glass.
His second most famous piece is the “The Last Supper” showing a dramatic moment when Jesus informs the apostles that one of them will betray him. In one realistic way he shows different emotions of the apostles, astounded by this vehement. The portrait of a man, painted with red chalk, is believed to be Da Vinci’s self-portrait painted around 1510 when Leonardo was 60 years old. Earlier it was thought that this was his father’s or uncle’s portrait, but today it is accepted as Leonardo’s and represents a Renaissance man.
Leonardo da Vinci is the most famous mind of the Renaissance period thanks to a multitude of his interests. His talents go beyond his artistic work. However, he is still best known as a painter. All his paintings are scientific, based on the knowledge of the human body and its functioning. He expressed his science through art, and his drawings and diagrams show how he understood the world around him.