Jean-Baptiste Poquelin MOLIERE – The Master of Comedy
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin Molier (1622-1673), is one of the most important and prolific comedians of all time. Like many other creators, young Moliere did not go on a path marked by his parents, but he was guided by an internal instinct, embarking on art and artistic life. He will spend thirteen years as a member of the traveling family theater, performing various tasks, from acting to director. He visited a large number of French cities and met different backgrounds and people. Thanks to the innate gift of observation, he gained a significant lifetime experience in which a huge amount of livelihoods accumulated for his future dramatic creation. During that time he became a real theater man: he played various roles, adapted dramatic texts for theater performances, he created theater pieces. He thus acquired a huge theater experience and great knowledge in the field of theater and drama. After thirteen years of wandering and maturing, he returned to Paris in 1658, and his next year, his glory commemorates the comedy of the Funny Precocious. Then begins his tumultuous life of the theater creator who writes, directs and plays, who knows what the theater is, knows what the audience asks, knows how to strike for what is not good in man and society. He was famous and praised, hungry and haunted; his comedies experienced ovations, but they were forbidden.
For fourteen years of continuous creation, Moliere has written thirty comedies, the most famous of which are: Funny Precocious, School of Women, School of Men, Don Juan, and Misanthrope. In his comedies, all genres meet: gallant comedy, comedy with ballet and music, comedy of customs, comedy of nature, comedy of character, dramatic comedy.
Moliere, as a good connoisseur of contemporary life, society and man, a realist who sees everything from a standpoint of common sense and morale. Nothing idealizes, nothing improves. Characters show realistic, with drawbacks and positive qualities: It’s not inconceivable that one person is ridiculous in certain things, and again a very honorable person in others. (Criticism of the School for Women). He knew a man well, he was able to explore into the man and present a complex mental world. He is a sharp critic of everything negative in the individual and society. He could see the failures, he knew how to extract it especially and characteristically, creating the dramatic character of natural and convincing moral physiognomy.
Moliere’s comedy is characterized by a rich scale of laughter: from the loose laughter of an ordinary crowd, through discreet laughter to a smile in which irony and resignation are intermingled. Funny breaks wherever an individual comes into conflict with common sense and naturalness. Moliere uses a comic situation, a comedian of misunderstandings and confusion, a comedian of contrasts of an overly positive and excessively negative, verbal comic.
Moliere’s creative qualities include:
– a huge life experience,
– Good knowledge of the people,
– knowledge of man – nature and character,
– great creativity,
– a gift for painting different environments and different characters,
– great acting experience,
– a scenic feeling,
– mastery to establish contact with viewers,
– a gift for meeting the strict criteria of literary knowledge and demands of the widest audience,
– persistence to confront all possible enemies and to beat them with new drama,
– theater erudition,
– perfect management of stage technique,
– for the first time in a comedy enter marquis and funny precioeses,
– comically permeates the tragic.