Jane Austin – Sense, Sensibility, Pride, Prejudice!
Jane Austin was an English writer whose novels are known for their exquisite ingenuity and descriptions of English 19th century society. He is one of the most readers of English literature. Among her more famous works are “Pride and Prejudice”, “Sense and Sensibility” and “Emma”.
Life and work by Jane Austin
Jane Austin was born on December 16, 1775 in Steventon. Her father was a parish priest, George Austin, and her mother was Cassandra Austin. She had six brothers and one older sister, Cassandra. She was very tied to the family. She attended school for girls in Oxford. Both sisters infected typhus at school so they had to return home. She had a very good education for a girl at the time, and she began to write very early.
Her father, who taught her, had the greatest role in her education. Jane often spent days reading in her father’s library. About 1790, she began to write her stories like “Love and Friendship”. She spent her youth at her parents’ house playing piano, visiting the church and socializing with her neighbors. Her early works include “Lady Susan”, “History of England”, “Three Sisters” … She also begins to write some of her future famous works, such as “Sense and Sensibility” and “First Impression”, which will later get a new name “Pride and prejudices “. Her father tried to publish some of her works, but did not get it by the hand.
In 1801, the family moved to Bath. Jane receives a marriage offer in 1802 from a wealthy man named Harris Bigg-Wither, who was six years younger than her. That marriage was a great opportunity for Jane to secure her future. However, Jane rejected this offer because she did not like him. She wrote in one letter: “Everything can be endured, but marriage without love can not.”
After her father’s death in 1805, Jane, Cassandra and their mother moved several times to eventually settle in Chawton, on the property of her brother Frances. Today this house has been turned into a museum. With the help of her brother Henry, she started publishing her works under the pseudonym. She published her first novel “Sense and Sensibility” in 1811, followed by “Pride and Prejudice”, which she called her child. Roman “Mansfield Park” was published in 1814, and “Emma” in 1816. She wrote a total of six novels for her life.
In 1816, she was seriously ill, most likely from Addison’s disease. The illness worsened so much that she had to travel to Winchester. Two months later, on July 18, 1817, she died and was buried in the Winchester Cathedral.
Novels Jane Austin was a great success in society, but her anonymity did not allow her to move in literary circles. She is not a romantic, although all of her works are love novels written under the influence of romanticism. Its strength is reflected in the skill of obscuring characters, everyday events from the life of middle and higher classes, and all of these images are pervaded by a shrewd irony. Sir Walter Scott has praised her novels: “This young lady has the gift to describe the relationship between feelings and characters from ordinary life, which is for me the most beautiful thing I have ever met.” However, Jane could not avoid even a bad criticism like Mark Twain‘s criticism, who said, “Jane Austin? I will go so far and I will say that every library that does not have a single book, Jane Austin – is a good library, even if it was without any other books!”
Her brother Henry and sister Cassandra publish posthumously two of her novels: “Under the influence of others” and “Nortanger abbey.” Both novels were published under her name, so the public finally found out that she was a writer.
Today, Jane Austin is considered one of the best writers in England’s history. Since 1920, her works have been proclaimed masterpieces, which has increased her popularity throughout the world. Her works are, among other things, a frequent subject of scientific and critical processing. Many of her works are now translated into films. Her novels were read to soldiers in the First World War as part of stress therapy.