Ernest Miller Hemingway – All things truly wicked start from innocence
Ernest Miller Hemingway (Ouk Park, July 21, 1899 – Ketchum, July 2, 1961) was an American writer and journalist. He was a member of the Paris expulsion association of the 1920s, and one of the veterans of the First World War, who was later known as the “lost generation”. He received the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for his novel The Old Man and the Sea, as well as the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.
His special writing style, which characterizes stinginess on words, versus the style of his literary rival, William Faulkner, Hemingway significantly influenced the development of fine literature of the twentieth century. Many of his novels are now considered classical works of American literature.
Hemingway inherited an adventurous spirit from his father and a restless temperament that determined his life course very early. He did not want to spend time on acquiring university education. He started working as a journalist, he discovered his writing gift and his writing became a lifelong call. Fishing and hunting were his favorite hobby. Whenever he traveled, and he was a passionate traveler, he must have carried three things: hooks, guns and typewriter. Physically strong, curious and thirsty, he went to Europe, America, China, Africa, and he lived in Paris, Key West, Havana.
He actively participated in the First World War, the Greek-Turkish War, the Spanish Civil War and the Second World War. He was a war correspondent but also a fighter, which enabled him to gain enormous experience and accumulate solid material for his writing.
Hemingway loved an intense life that included traveling, hunting, corridors, drinks, women. At the same time, he traveled, fought, enjoyed the beauty of life and wrote continuously. Hemingway announced himself as a writer in Paris. When he returned to America from the war, physically and mentally wounded at the Italian battlefield, he could not calm down. He negotiated correspondence for an American newspaper, married and returned to Paris, which at the time was the center of literary and cultural life of the old continent.
He entered the Gertrude Stein and Ezra Pound circuit, which supported Hemingway’s literary ambitions. He published Three Stories and Ten Letters (1923), In Our Time (1924), and Spring Spring (1926). These books draw attention to the new literary name, and it will suddenly glisten in 1926 when one of his best novels is released. The Sun is born again. It was a novel about the people of the “lost generation” – the term Gertrude Stein, which marked the generation of young people who survived the horrors of the World War and brought not only physical but also mental scars, but also a deep disappointment due to failed ideals and displaced values in the post-war reality. Hemingway lived, traveled and wrote: Goodbye Weapons (1929), Snowmen of Kilimanjaro (1935), Have and Have (1937). The experience of the Spanish Civil War will be translated into the novel The Bells of Bells Bells (1940), another novel that will capture a large number of readers and reinforce the reputation of Ernest Hemingway as a great writer. The popularity of this novel will be complemented by his film version with Gary Cooper and Ingrid Bergman in the roles of Robert Jordan and Maria. After that there is a great break of silence, but an intense life and travel. The novel The Old Man and the Sea was published in 1952 and won undisputed awards for criticism, the Pulitzer Prize for Literature, and the 1954 Nobel Prize. When he felt that his health gave way and prevented the life he wanted to live, he committed suicide by hunting rifle in 1961, ending up with his father in 1928.
Posthumously, in 1964, a memoir prose was published – A Moveable Feast – about life in Paris and the “lost generation”.