Carl von Linne – The Beginner of Modern Taxonomy
Carolus Lineus, better known as Carl von Linne was a Swedish scientist who is considered to be the beginner of modern taxonomy, and is considered one of the “fathers of modern ecology”. He introduced a binomial nomenclature, according to which the name of each species consists of two words – the genus and description of the species, and all the scientific names of the living beings that he defined have the name of the genus and type L. indicating that their name was given by Linne himself. This Swedish naturalist also gave the scientific name to the human species – Homo sapiens – and classified it into the ranks of Primates. Linne’s hierarchical system, or ranking from higher to lower (division – class – row – family – genus – type) and vice versa, has remained unchanged to this day.