Alexander Graham Bell and the First Telephone Conversation
Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish scientist and inventor. He is best known for having invented the telephone and founded the telephone company Bell. In addition, he is also credited with important inventions in aviation.
He was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. Since his father was a professor, Alexander did not attend school but was taught at home. When he got his primary education from his father, he enrolled in high school and then at the University of Edinburgh.
From 1866 to 1867 he worked as a teacher at the Somerset College in Bath, England. According to some sources in Scotland, he has developed an interest in acoustics; He wanted to find a way to help his wife and his mother who were deaf.
In 1870 he relocated with his family to Canada, where they settled in Brantford, Ontario. Prior to leaving Scotland, Bell devoted himself to telephony, and in Canada he developed an interest in devices that can communicate remotely. He designed a piano that could broadcast his music using the electric current remotely. In 1873, with his father, he went to Montreal, Quebec, where he worked on teaching visual speech. The elderly Bell was called to introduce his system into a great silent school in Boston, Massachusetts, but refused a place for the benefit of his son, who became Professor of Vocal Physiology and Speech at the University of Boston.
Bell became interested in the science of sound mostly because both his mother and wife were deaf. His experiments eventually led him to the idea that the sound signals could be sent through the wire.
Somehow he managed to raise funds for his idea and employed Tomas Watson as an assistant. With Watson’s help he invented the phone. The first words on the phone were spoken by Alexander Graham Bell on March 10, 1876. He said, “Mr. Watson, come, I want to see you.”
It turned out that both scientists wanted to register the patent as their own. Alexander had to hurry to first register his patent. He succeeded in doing so and as a result, he was in the possession of an invention that changed the world. In 1877, he established Bell Telephone Company. Over the years, there have been many mergers with other companies and a change in the company’s name. Today it is known as AT and T.
Other inventions by Alexander Gray Gray
In addition to the phone, Alexander Gray Bell had several other significant inventions and contributions that include:
Metal Detector – Bel invented the first metal detector that he used to find a bullet in the body of President James Garfield.
Audiometer – Device used to detect hearing problems.
Experimental work in the field of aeronautics.
Designing techniques that help deaf people to learn to speak.
A device that detects icebergs.
When Alexander Bell passed away on August 5, 1922, the entire telephone system was silenced for a minute.