Alexander Fleming – Best Known for Discovering Penicillin
Alexander Fleming was a Scottish bacteriologist and winner of the Nobel Prize, and is best known for discovering penicillin.
He was born on August 6, 1881 in Darvel, in a family of landowners. At age 13, he moved to London, where he later studied medicine. He graduated in 1906, and then, under the mentorship of Dr. Almroth Wright, began to work on vaccine research at the Medical School in London.
He was part of the medical staff in World War I, and he proved himself to be a very skilled doctor who was all praised. After the war, he returned to St. Mary’s Medical School, where he began his career.
Discovery of penicillin
Both Fleming’s major discoveries happened accidentally during the 1920s. First, he discovered the lysosomes in 1922 after sniffing into the infected Petri-dish. A few days later, he discovered that the already decayed bacteria began to disappear.
Fleming’s labs were in disarray, which proved to be an advantage. When he examined the laboratory on September 15, 1928, he discovered a strange phenomenon. Of course, each experiment would carefully examine before throwing and noticed a fungal colony in one of the staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Fleming studied the colony more closely and noticed that the cells had cytolysis. Cytolysis is cell division, and in this case it was a cytolysis of potentially highly harmful bacteria. The importance is immediately recognized, however, the discovery is underestimated. Fleming published an article on penicillin in the British Journal of Experimental Pathology1929.
Fleming worked with that, but to grow and grow it, the job was more inclined to chemists. Fleming’s conclusion was that, due to inefficiency in the production of drugs and slow-acting, the drug will not be effective in medicine. Still, his writings did not arrive correctly at the Medical Institute. For these reasons, Fleming stopped working on penicillin. I left for the other two scientists; Sir Howard Walter Florey and Ernst Boris Chain have perfected penicillin in an effective formula. They succeeded and their upgrading caused mass production during the Second World War.
Due to the achievement of the title Sir received it in 1944. Fleming, Florey and Chain in 1945 were those who will receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. Florey received more honor after his effort to create panicillin, saving millions of lives in the Second World War.
Fleming was a long-time member of the Chelsea Art Club, a private club for artists of all genres founded in 1891 on the proposal of James McNeil Whistler.
Fleming passed away in 1955 from a heart attack at the age of 73. He is buried as a national hero in the Cathedral of Sv. Peter in London. His discovery of penicillin has changed the world of modern medicine and antibiotics.