Alan Turing – The British Hero of Science
In the era of IT discoveries and the everyday development of computer technology, the review of the historical significance of Alan Turing acts as a scientific scenario for the “Gone with the Wind”. Nevertheless, this name attracts attention, not only because of the incident personality who was wearing it, but also because of the current moves of the British authorities that awakened public interest in the case of this forgotten and embarrassed genius.
Alan Turing (June 23, 1912 – June 7, 1954) was born, lived and died in years of war storm, post-conflict consolidation of Europe and diplomatic tensions. As a brilliant British mathematician and logician, he also tried in the pioneering efforts of computer science, so he can be considered as the founder of the algorithm as well as its applications in the theoretical generation of a function of a machine that will later be determined and known to us as a computer, but also had an impact on laying the foundations for further research on artificial intelligence.
World War II
After extraordinary success at Cambridge University, he was admitted to Ph.D. at Princeton University, USA, where he further perfected combinatorics, algebra and number theory, and then returned to UK and joined the British Code Crash Center and took over and led the unit HUT 8, specialized and aimed at detecting and reading encoded messages and information originating from the German military fleet. Given the fact that the Germans had a fairly elaborate and advanced technique for transmitting and receiving encrypted messages, the allies had a good, but not yet effective method for breaking the codes, which Polish scientists were trying to upgrade before the war. Nevertheless, during the war, it became more and more than necessary that a new and modern method was needed that could be tackled with already known German precision. The German machine was specific because it used a three-roller technique and a contact plate with switches. It functioned on the principle of character substitution, mapping and arithmetic algorithm, which increases the number of possible combinations for decoding.
Between 1939 and 1940, an inspired scientist and already experienced cryptologist Alan Turing, together with his colleague Gordon Welchman, designed and launched a brand new machine and a new system for reading encoded messages, known as the BRITISH BOMB. The goal of this and such a bomb was to intercept and to read every encrypted exchange of information, in the fastest possible way and, of course, for the benefit of the allied battle in the Atlantic. The Turing machine proved to be very precise and detailed, technologically maximally defined and absolutely applicable to “Enigma” machines, in all settings and discoveries of the position of the rotor and electronic circuits. This British step forward, compared to the Germans, had a practical outcome. Decoding the position of enemy submarines in the Atlantic, as well as strategic plans and flown logistic ventures that have been shaken, which led to the victory of the allied alliance was certain, and the lives of thousands of people were saved. Of course, one can not claim that only one man deserves this victory, but it can be concluded that the brilliant mind of one scientist led the team into what is called the way of victory.
After the outburst of war and the shaping of what has left Europe, Alan Turing decides to devote himself to the study of artificial intelligence at the theoretical level because he has always believed in the fact that machines can think because, as he claimed, man himself is a type of machine that is subjected influences. At that time, the gloomy and gray Machester, is involved in the BEBA project, which deals with the construction of an ACE computer (Automatic Computer Engine), as well as the possible dimensions of their use and design. From today’s perspective, his work in this domain acts as an archaeological past, but in those years it represented a great advance of humanity into the cold quarters of technology waiting to be discovered and used.
Personal Life of Alan Turing
In the shadow of his general success in science and in general the position he had in public, his emotional side has always been skilfully hidden, though he never forgot his first forbidden and unauthorized love from the 30s, the youngster Christopher Morco, with whom he he met the charms of homosexual love, which, in an empire such as Britain was then, was unacceptable. Years later, an intellectual, thinker, and wide-scale researcher, such as Alan Turing, following his passion and urge for the most daring areas of his soul, is embroiled in a terrible relationship with a young man who turns him into a victim of deception and judgment.
In order to prevent this, full of hope in the newly created, yet old and conservative British society, Turing will appeal to the police, but the Royal Court considered his sin unforgivable and severely punishable, and Alan Turing paid his naivety with a punishment that included chemical castration by hormonal injections estrogen. After public embarrassment, he lost every scientific pride as credibility and retreated to the shadows of his suffering. He turned to philosophy, mathematical biology and psychology. It was, simply, of them who had ideas and burned them up. Still, I burned it myself. He committed suicide on June 7, 1954, by consuming an apple with cyanide.
Alan Turing was an outstanding scientist who made a great contribution not only in the allied battle during the Second World War, but also in the science that was aimed at the well-being of all humanity. His works were used as a permanent source of ideas, while his theoretical assumptions served generations of new researchers in positioning and solving burning scientific problems. Unfortunately, for many years, he has been remembered as Alan Turing, who was a homosexual nature, in the darkness of British hatred for everything that was then a homosexual adornment. Social activists, as well as open-minded researchers, have been trying to regain the glory and glow of Alan Turing for decades, even in posthumous manner, but it was possible only in December 2013, when the controversial cryptologist received royal pardon, following a request from the justice minister, Chris Grayling, who himself believes that this brilliant mind has been the victim of some old and dark Britain.
A concrete proposal for Turing’s pardon came a year earlier than Lord Sherkey, a liberal-minded and conscientious number of people seeking royal pardon for a scientist such as Alan Turing. Along with all of this, the media brought to the public incredible success that Turing had in sophisticated intelligence work of the British services, as well as in general in the formulation of the scientific influence that the UK provided. The excitement of the same goes now so far, that Hollywood has announced the screening of his life in The Imitation Game, which is expected next year.
Regardless of whether someone has a liberal or conservative approach to homosexuality issues, and whether a society approves or disapproves, science and scientists must be above it. They change the world, as Alan Turing has changed the world of all of us, just one of his solved enigma.