Charles Darwin and his Theory of Evolution
Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, in the county of Shopshire, as fifth out of six children. Darwin comes from a wealthy family of scientists. His father was a doctor, and his grandfather was a botanist. His mother, Suzanne, died when he was only eight years old. Charles liked to explore nature as a child. He obtained elementary education in his native city, and in 1825 he enrolled in medicine at the University of Edinburgh, along with his brother.
After two years, Charles gave up his study of medicine because his lectures were boring. He enrolled in Cambridge University, where he studied theology in order to become a priest of the Church of Agility. However, Charles was still more attracted to natural sciences. Professor of Botany, John Henslow was his mentor.
When he completed his studies in 1831, on Henslow’s proposal, Darwin joined a naturalist on the Beagle boat and went on a scientific trip around the world. The journey lasted five years. During the trip he collected many samples from nature including birds, plants and fossils. He had a unique opportunity to study botany, geology and zoology directly. Particularly interested in the island of Galapagos and the unique species of animals found on it, such a Galapagos turtles, and American thistles. He was impressed by the fact that these animals are closely related to turtles, thistles and frogs from Europe, and yet they have different dietary habits and a different appearance.
After returning to England in 1836, Darwin began to record his discoveries. These notes are published in the “Transmutation species notes”. This trip had a major impact on Darwin’s view of the world. He began to develop a revolutionary theory of the origin of living beings, which ruined all beliefs of that time.
The theory of evolution
Darwin met with many animal species on the entire planet, and that prompted many questions. Other naturalists believed that all species formed together with the world, or that they were created by nature over time. In each of these explanations, the species did not change over time. However, Darwin noticed the similarities between the species as well as the differences that are the cause of various living habitats.
This led him to conclude that they developed and evolved over time and had common ancestors. He believed that species were passed through a process called “natural selection”, which implies that those species that have successfully adapted to the changing conditions of their natural habitat survived, and those species that failed to evolve and multiply were extinct.
Darwin’s theory was published in 1859, entitled “On the Origin of Species”.
Charles Darwin died on April 19, 1882 in London.